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空运资讯Airlift inion

  • 空运对货物有哪些要求?
  • 本站编辑:杭州隆鑫货运代理有限公司发布日期:2018-08-31 16:29 浏览次数:

 

如何选择适合空运的货物
How to choose cargo suitable for air freight
每一种货物都有许多特性,这些特性以及货主的实际需要将决定用怎样的运输方式运出这批货物。下面从几个角度来区分一件货物是否适宜采用空运。
Each kind of goods has many characteristics, which, together with the actual needs of the shipper, will determine how the goods are to be transported. The following are several ways to tell whether a piece of cargo is suitable for air freight.
1、尺寸与重量限制:与动辄万吨的货轮不同,飞机的载货空间和载重都需要进行精打细算,在填满空间的同时又不能超重,这样才能满足航空公司的利润需求。与海运常用的集装箱一样,飞机也有不同规格的各种板型,将货物按一定规则放在板上,方便托运。飞机根据机型不同,可以分为小飞机、大飞机、宽体机等,以上次介绍到的宽体机B747-400为例,低板的尺寸限制是3X2.3X1.6(米),超过该尺寸的货物无法上机;高板含板限重2000KGS,超重的货物也是难以上机的。同时,为了飞机的安全考虑,航空公司会对飞机进行配重,保证飞行的安全,这也可能影响到货物的出发。
1. Size and Weight Limitation: unlike a moving 10,000-ton cargo ship, the cargo space and load of the aircraft need to be carefully calculated, while filling the space can not be overweight, so as to meet the profit needs of the airline. Like containers commonly used by sea transportation, airplanes also have different specifications of various types of plates, cargo according to certain rules on the board, convenient for shipment. According to different aircraft types, aircraft can be divided into small aircraft, large aircraft, wide-body aircraft, and so on, the last introduced wide-body aircraft B747-400, for example, the size limit of the low plate is 3X2.3X1.6 (m), beyond the size of goods can not be on the plane; high plate with a plate weight limit of 2000KGS, overweight cargo is difficult to board. At the same time, for the sake of aircraft safety, the airline will counterweight the aircraft to ensure the safety of flight, which may also affect the cargo dispatch.
2、安全限制:飞机的造价和空运的特点决定了它更需要关注出行的安全,因此,在空运货物的安全性上,飞机的要求会更加严格一些。根据航空公司各自规定的不同,它们的飞机会拒绝运输一些危险品,如锂电池、化工品、液体、粉末等。所以,如果货主的货物是以上这类货物时,需要仔细查询相应的航班是否接受这类货物,以免耽误货物的运输。
2. Safety Restrictions: The cost of the aircraft and the characteristics of air transport determine that it needs to pay more attention to travel safety, therefore, the safety of air cargo, the requirements of the aircraft will be more stringent. Depending on the regulations of the airlines, their aircraft will refuse to transport dangerous goods, such as lithium batteries, chemicals, liquids, powders and so on. Therefore, if the cargo owner's cargo is the above type of cargo, it is necessary to carefully inquire whether the corresponding flights accept such cargo, in order to avoid delaying the transport of the cargo.
3、运输时间:如此繁琐的限制和高昂的运价并非没有回报,远比海运快得多的速度就是空运无可取代的优点。远洋货轮一次会满载许多货物,但遥远的航程和缓慢的速度决定了它的每一次运输需要以月来计时。并且,一次满载带来的巨大货量往往无法在一个港口内装卸完毕,所以货轮的选择通常是沿着海岸线航行,每到一个港口就交易一次,这样拖沓的时间就更难以计算了。空运则完全不同,每一次的航班通常是直达,即使没有直达,也只有1-2个中转点。而飞行的速度远快于航行,这一切加起来的结果,就是国际间的空运效率相当高,正常来说10日之内即可完成整个运输流程。在这个计划赶不上变化的时代里,货物可能有新鲜度,需要尽快送达,货主也可能有特别的需求,要求急速运抵,在这样的情况下,海运无能为力,而空运则当仁不让。
3. Transportation time: such cumbersome restrictions and high freight rates are not without returns, much faster than sea transport speed is the irreplaceable advantage of air transport. Ocean-going freighters can be loaded with a lot of cargo at a time, but distant voyages and slow speeds dictate that each transport takes months to time. Moreover, the large volume of cargo brought about by a full load is often unable to be loaded and unloaded in a port, so the choice of cargo ships is usually along the coastline, trading at each port, so the delay time is more difficult to calculate. Air transport is totally different, and each flight is usually direct, even if there is no direct, there are only one or two transit points. And the speed of flight is much faster than the speed of navigation, all together, is the result of international air transport efficiency is quite high, normally within 10 days to complete the entire transport process. In an age when plans are not up to date, goods may be fresh, need to be delivered as soon as possible, and shippers may have special needs for rapid arrival. In such circumstances, there is nothing that can be done by sea, and air transport is not allowed.

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