How to choose cargo suitable for air freight
Each kind of goods has many characteristics, which, together with the actual needs of the shipper, will determine how the goods are to be transported. The following are several ways to tell whether a piece of cargo is suitable for air freight.
1. Size and Weight Limitation: unlike a moving 10,000-ton cargo ship, the cargo space and load of the aircraft need to be carefully calculated, while filling the space can not be overweight, so as to meet the profit needs of the airline. Like containers commonly used by sea transportation, airplanes also have different specifications of various types of plates, cargo according to certain rules on the board, convenient for shipment. According to different aircraft types, aircraft can be divided into small aircraft, large aircraft, wide-body aircraft, and so on, the last introduced wide-body aircraft B747-400, for example, the size limit of the low plate is 3X2.3X1.6 (m), beyond the size of goods can not be on the plane; high plate with a plate weight limit of 2000KGS, overweight cargo is difficult to board. At the same time, for the sake of aircraft safety, the airline will counterweight the aircraft to ensure the safety of flight, which may also affect the cargo dispatch.
2. Safety Restrictions: The cost of the aircraft and the characteristics of air transport determine that it needs to pay more attention to travel safety, therefore, the safety of air cargo, the requirements of the aircraft will be more stringent. Depending on the regulations of the airlines, their aircraft will refuse to transport dangerous goods, such as lithium batteries, chemicals, liquids, powders and so on. Therefore, if the cargo owner's cargo is the above type of cargo, it is necessary to carefully inquire whether the corresponding flights accept such cargo, in order to avoid delaying the transport of the cargo.
3. Transportation time: such cumbersome restrictions and high freight rates are not without returns, much faster than sea transport speed is the irreplaceable advantage of air transport. Ocean-going freighters can be loaded with a lot of cargo at a time, but distant voyages and slow speeds dictate that each transport takes months to time. Moreover, the large volume of cargo brought about by a full load is often unable to be loaded and unloaded in a port, so the choice of cargo ships is usually along the coastline, trading at each port, so the delay time is more difficult to calculate. Air transport is totally different, and each flight is usually direct, even if there is no direct, there are only one or two transit points. And the speed of flight is much faster than the speed of navigation, all together, is the result of international air transport efficiency is quite high, normally within 10 days to complete the entire transport process. In an age when plans are not up to date, goods may be fresh, need to be delivered as soon as possible, and shippers may have special needs for rapid arrival. In such circumstances, there is nothing that can be done by sea, and air transport is not allowed.